Accession Number : ADA528879


Title :   Improving the Army's Next Effort in Technology Forecasting


Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY


Personal Author(s) : Lyons, John ; Chait, Richard ; Erchov, Simone


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a528879.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 40


Abstract : An important challenge for the Department of Defense (DOD) science and technology (S&T) programs is to avoid technological surprise resulting from the exponential increase in the pace of discovery and change in S&T worldwide. The nature of the military threat is also changing, resulting in new military requirements, some of which can be met by technology. Proper shaping of the S&T portfolio requires predicting and matching these two factors well into the future. Some examples of technologies which have radically affected the battlefield include the Global Positioning System coupled with inexpensive hand held receivers, the microprocessor revolution which has placed the power of the Internet and satellite communications into the hands of soldiers in the field, new sensing capabilities such as night vision, the use of unmanned vehicles, and composite materials for armor and armaments. Some of these new technologies came from military S&T, some from commercial developments and still others from a synthesis of the two sectors; but all were based on advances in the underlying sciences. Clearly, leaders and planners in military S&T must keep abreast of such developments and look ahead as best they can. Since World War II, predictions of S&T for enabling military capabilities have occurred periodically. A study chartered by the Army Air Force1 in 1947 predicted a broad range of developments in aeronautics and air power, and the study process has been a model for such forecasts ever since. Projections in S&T have been issued for many years by the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies, and the NRC occasionally publishes decadal studies for specific disciplines. NRC committee reports for astronomy and astrophysics, for example, go back every 10 years to at least 1964.


Descriptors :   *ARMY RESEARCH , *TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING , *MILITARY CAPABILITIES , DETECTION , MICROPROCESSORS , THREATS , ARMY PERSONNEL , BATTLEFIELDS , SYNTHESIS , COMPOSITE MATERIALS , AERONAUTICS , GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM , RECEIVERS , UNMANNED , MILITARY APPLICATIONS , SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS , VEHICLES , ASTRONOMY , AIR POWER , ASTROPHYSICS , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS , SECOND WORLD WAR , ARMOR , DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Information Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE