Accession Number : ADA528031


Title :   How Terrorist Groups End: Studies of the Twentieth Century


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL


Personal Author(s) : Harmon, Christopher C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a528031.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 43


Abstract : Terrorism studies are far too young to have their Arnold Toynbee. At this writing there remains a need for broad and searching inquiries into why and how terrorist groups have declined or ended. The project requires detailed knowledge of scores of important groups, extant and extinct, worldwide. It also demands originality. This article reluctantly sets aside the useful framework developed in 2003 and worked publicly for five years. A fresh approach in this vital field will help with understanding what we expect in the 21st century. The article begins with a look at early forms of violence in the 20th century and proceeds to specific examples in the American experience. Revolutionaries of the 1960s and terroristic religious groups are also addressed. Finally, the project presents a nine-part framework for understanding terrorist groups. The article is divided into the following sections: Early Forms of Violence, including Labor Militancy and Violence, Anarchism, and Communism; Ghosts in the American Experience; More from the Left -- Revolutionaries of the 1960s and Beyond; Some Groups of Religious Bent; Terrorism in Nine Parts, including Short-Lived Organizations, Midterm Lifespans, and Groups with Longevity; and An Afterword -- Wither al-Qaeda?


Descriptors :   *TERRORISM , *ORGANIZATIONS , *LIFE SPAN(BIOLOGY) , *HISTORY , *RELIGION , COMMUNISM , LONG RANGE(TIME) , REPRINTS , TERRORISTS , SHORT RANGE(TIME)


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Humanities and History
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE