Accession Number : ADA524843


Title :   The Armed Forces and Drug Trafficking: Operation Rio as a Case Study


Descriptive Note : Research rept.


Corporate Author : MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA


Personal Author(s) : Gaviao, Luiz O


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a524843.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2003


Pagination or Media Count : 65


Abstract : The employment of the Brazilian Armed Forces against drug trafficking in urban areas, using the Operation Rio as a model, does not solve the problem of drugs and contributes to the militarization of the public security role in Brazil. An agreement between Federal and Rio de Janeiro state governments in 1994 allowed the employment of a joint task force of approximately 125,000 soldiers and policemen in order to reduce drug-related crimes and reestablish the law and order in Rio de Janeiro city. However the limited scale and scope of military operations focused on poor areas of the city were not sufficient enough to decrease violence indices, because drug trafficking in Brazil was widespread along neighboring states and countries, and was also distributed within different social classes, which included politicians, financial organizations and other state officials. Operation Rio also raised complex issues about civil-military relations, since the presence of military forces in the streets revived familiar scenes from the period of 1964 to 1984, when a military government imposed a dictatorship in Brazil.


Descriptors :   *BRAZIL , *URBAN AREAS , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *DRUG SMUGGLING , LAW ENFORCEMENT , ARMY PERSONNEL , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , MILITARY OPERATIONS , CASE STUDIES


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE