Accession Number : ADA524401


Title :   Vegetation Sampling for Wetland Delineation: A Review and Synthesis of Methods and Sampling Issues


Corporate Author : COLORADO STATE UNIV FORT COLLINS DEPT OF FOREST AND WOOD SCIENCES


Personal Author(s) : Gage, Edward ; Cooper, David J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a524401.pdf


Report Date : Jul 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 55


Abstract : This document reviews sampling issues and methods for characterizing vegetation, with an emphasis on delineating wetland boundaries in accordance with Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. Numerous vegetation sampling methods have been developed, but no single approach is optimal for all sampling objectives, vegetation types, and ecological settings. Methods vary in relative precision, accuracy, and efficiency, although selection of methods should also explicitly consider sampling objectives, resources, and data requirements. Key considerations include the choice of metric(s), selection of sampling units, and logistical issues such as time required for sample collection. Common metrics include frequency, cover, and biomass, with each providing different inferences to community characteristics. Vegetation may be assessed using plots, transects, or points as sampling units, and sampling may treat separate vegetation layers (i.e., strata) separately or together. Sampling units may be located subjectively or by using one of many available randomized sampling strategies, although randomization is essential for any statistical analysis. The document reviews general concepts of relative abundance and dominance and discusses the dominance ratio and prevalence index approaches, which are commonly used in wetland delineation. Lastly, sampling approaches traditionally used to assess community characteristics are contrasted with those specifically developed for boundary determination.


Descriptors :   *WETLANDS , *BOUNDARIES , *VEGETATION , METRICS , SAMPLERS , BIOMASS CONVERSION , INDEXES , RATIOS , METHODOLOGY , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS


Subject Categories : Biology
      Ecology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE