Accession Number : ADA524310
Title : Zimbabwe: Background
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Ploch, Lauren
Report Date : 08 Jul 2010
Pagination or Media Count : 53
Abstract : Zimbabwe's prospects appeared promising in 1980, as it gained independence after a long liberation war. Rising inflation and unemployment bred discontent in the 1990s and led in 1999 to the formation of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The new party surprised many with its initial success, campaigning against a 2000 referendum that would have legalized the president's continued rule, made government officials immune from prosecution, and allowed the uncompensated seizure of white-owned land for redistribution to black farmers. The referendum failed, and the MDC won nearly half the seats in the 2000 parliamentary election. Members of President Robert Mugabe's ruling party subsequently took numerous, often undemocratic actions to bolster their power.
Descriptors : *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *ZIMBABWE , *ECONOMIC ANALYSIS , NEGOTIATIONS , DEMOCRACY , UNEMPLOYMENT , POLITICAL REVOLUTION , COSTS , POLITICAL SCIENCE , FOOD
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE