Accession Number : ADA523346
Title : Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Mittal, Anu K ; Erdmann, Elizabeth ; Bennett, David ; Capaccio, Antoinette ; Crothers, Nancy ; Gilbert, Cindy ; Guggolz, Gary ; Harkin, Nicole ; Raheb, Kim ; Tran, Hai
Report Date : May 2010
Pagination or Media Count : 65
Abstract : Nanotechnology involves the ability to control matter at the scale of a nanometer -- one billionth of a meter. The world market for products that contain nanomaterials is expected to reach $2.6 trillion by 2015. In this context, GAO did the following: (1) identified examples of current and potential uses of nanomaterials, (2) determined what is known about the potential human health and environmental risks from nanomaterials, (3) assessed actions EPA has taken to better understand and regulate the risks posed by nanomaterials as well as its authorities to do so, and (4) identified approaches that other selected national authorities and actions U.S. state and local governments have taken to address the potential risks associated with nanomaterials. GAO analyzed selected laws and regulations, reviewed information on EPA's Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program, and consulted with EPA officials and legal experts to obtain their perspectives on EPA's authorities to regulate nanomaterials. GAO recommends that EPA complete its plans to modify its regulatory framework for nanomaterials as needed. EPA concurred with GAO's recommendations and provided technical comments, which GAO incorporated as appropriate.
Descriptors : *RISK , *HEALTH , *NANOTECHNOLOGY , *INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION , *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , *UTILIZATION , *REGULATIONS , *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , STATE GOVERNMENT , LOCAL GOVERNMENT , STATE LAW , AUDITING , FEDERAL LAW , TOXICITY , HUMANS , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , MANUFACTURING , INDUSTRIES , COMMERCE
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Sociology and Law
Medicine and Medical Research
Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys
Environmental Health and Safety
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE