Accession Number : ADA523026
Title : China's Defense Industry on the Path of Reform
Descriptive Note : Research rept.
Corporate Author : DEFENSE GROUP INC WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS
Personal Author(s) : Mulvenon, James ; Tyroler-Cooper, Rebecca S
Report Date : Oct 2009
Pagination or Media Count : 76
Abstract : China's defense industry has undergone a dramatic transformation over the past decade. Fundamental reforms in central government organization and policy, the operations of defense enterprises, and the flow of international capital reveal a new paradigm on the part of the Chinese leadership. As a result of these changes, the historical critique of China's defense industry as clogged with redundancy and inefficiency, and lacking access to capital and advanced technology is no longer accurate. Building upon the findings of a 2005 RAND report entitled A New Direction for China's Defense Industry, this report analyzes recent reforms in China's defense industrial base and their effectiveness. It adopts the sector-by-sector approach introduced in the RAND study to account for significant variation across the different sectors (aviation, aerospace, nuclear, shipbuilding, electronics, and ordnance). The chapters in this report assess the tremendous progress China's defense industry has made since 1998 by arguing that four main factors have determined its success and define the leadership's new approach to modernization: More funds for weapons acquisition; Spin-on benefits from the commercial economy; Integration into the global research, development, and production chain, which provides access to foreign technology, know-how, and capital; and Fundamental reforms building on the Four Mechanisms of competition, evaluation, supervision, and encouragement introduced in 1998. These factors provide a framework for assessing the effectiveness of reforms and the extent to which they are enabling China to strengthen its indigenous capabilities. At the foundation of this framework is a principle put forward by the Sixteenth Party Congress in 2003: Yujun Yumin (Locating Military Potential in Civilian Capabilities). The principle calls for building a civilian sector capable of meeting the PLA's needs and the coordinated development of the civilian and defense economies.
Descriptors : *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *CORPORATIONS , *CHINA , *TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER , *INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION , *DEFENSE INDUSTRY , *ORGANIZATIONAL REALIGNMENT , AEROSPACE INDUSTRY , SHIPBUILDING , ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY , CAPITAL INVESTMENTS , MILITARY PROCUREMENT , NUCLEAR ENERGY , WEAPON SYSTEMS , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , LEADERSHIP , FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY , COMMERCE , COMPETITION
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Government and Political Science
Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys
Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE