Accession Number : ADA521241


Title :   International Drug Control Policy


Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.


Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE


Personal Author(s) : Wyler, Liana S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a521241.pdf


Report Date : 23 Jun 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 43


Abstract : This report provides an overview of U.S. international drug control policy. It describes major international counternarcotics initiatives and evaluates the broad array of U.S. drug control policy tools currently in use. The report also considers alternative counterdrug policy approaches to international drug control initiatives and raises several counterdrug policy issues and considerations for policy makers. Illegal drugs refer to narcotic, psychotropic, and related substances whose production, sale, and use are restricted by domestic law and international drug control agreements. The most common illegal drugs include cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs. International trade in these drugs represents a lucrative and what at times seems to be an intractable criminal enterprise, affecting countries worldwide and generating between $100 billion and $1 trillion in illicit profits per year. Revenue from the illegal drug industry provides international drug trafficking organizations with the resources to evade and compete with law enforcement officials; penetrate legitimate economic structures through money laundering; and, in some instances, challenge the authority of national governments. Congress is involved in all aspects of U.S. international drug control policy, regularly appropriating funds for counterdrug initiatives, conducting oversight activities on federal counterdrug programs, and legislating changes to agency authorities and other counterdrug policies. U.S. programs to combat drug production and trafficking exist in the Andean region of South America, Afghanistan, and other areas of concern. Congress is also considering a proposed multiyear, $1.4 billion security assistance package to enhance existing U.S. efforts to combat drug trafficking and related criminal activity in Mexico and Central America.m


Descriptors :   *DRUG INTERDICTION , *LAW ENFORCEMENT , *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *DRUG SMUGGLING , SECURITY , INTERNATIONAL TRADE , DOMESTIC , DRUGS , COCAINE , AFGHANISTAN , CRIMINOLOGY , LAUNDRY OPERATIONS , OPIUM ALKALOIDS , ECONOMICS , ORGANIZATIONS , CANNABIS , CONGRESS , POLICIES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE