Accession Number : ADA520112


Title :   Identification of Ciprofloxacin Resistance by SimpleProbe (trademark), High Resolution Melt and Pyrosequencing (trademark) Nucleic Acid Analysis in Biothreat Agents: Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis and Francisella tularensis


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH INST OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES FORT DETRICK MD


Personal Author(s) : Loveless, Bonnie M ; Yermakova, Anastasiya ; Christensen, Deanna R ; Kondig, John P ; Heine, III, Henry S ; Wasieloski, Leonard P ; Kulesh, David R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a520112.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : The potential for genetic modification of biological warfare agents makes rapid identification of antibiotic resistant strains critical for the implementation of suitable infection control measures. The fluorinated quinolone, ciprofloxacin, is an antibiotic effective for treating bacterial infections by inhibiting the enzyme activity of the DNA type II topoisomerases DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. The genes that encode the subunits of DNA gyrase (gyrA and gyrB) and topo IV (par C and parE) contain hotspots within an area known as the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR). Base pair changes within this region give rise to mutations that cause resistance to the antibiotic by altering amino acids within the enzymes. Ciprofloxacin-resistant (cipror) strains of Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, and Francisella tularensis with one or more known mutations within the QRDR of gyrA, gyrB, parC, and parE genes were tested with SimpleProbe and high-resolution melt (HRM) dye chemistries and Pyrosequencing genetic analysis to evaluate the ability to rapidly detect ciprofloxacin-induced mutations. While SimpleProbe and Pyrosequencing successfully identified all known mutants, the HRM assay identified all but those resulting from G4C or A4T substitutions.


Descriptors :   *BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS , *BACILLUS ANTHRACIS , *YERSINIA PESTIS , *RESISTANCE(BIOLOGY) , *NUCLEIC ACIDS , *BACTERIAL DISEASES , *FRANCISCELLA TULARENSIS , DYES , INFECTIOUS DISEASES , ANTIBIOTICS , CHEMICAL ANALYSIS , GENETICS , REPRINTS , STRAINS(BIOLOGY) , CHEMISTRY , DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS , HIGH RESOLUTION , ENZYMES , GENES


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Microbiology
      Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE