Accession Number : ADA519338


Title :   Major Convoy Operation to Malta, 10-15 August 1942 (Operation PEDESTAL)


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI


Personal Author(s) : Vego, Milan


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a519338.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 48


Abstract : The resupply convoy to Malta in August 1942 (Operation PEDESTAL) was in operational terms a major defensive naval and joint operation. It was also the largest of the many Allied efforts to ensure the survival of Malta against relentless Axis air attacks. Italian accounts referred to the Axis attempt to destroy the convoy as operation 'Mid-August (Mezzo Agosto). The Allies were well aware of the enormous risks in making a decision to mount an all-out effort to bring badly needed supplies to the besieged island. Yet the consequences of failing to do that would have been even more disastrous for the Allied campaign in North Africa and possibly the entire Mediterranean theater. The execution of Operation PEDESTAL resulted in horrendous losses for the Allies. However, the ships that reached Malta brought sufficient quantities of fuel and food to keep the island alive until the great Allied victory at El Alamein in November 1942, which turned the tide of the war in North Africa. Despite the passage of time, the planning, preparation, and execution of this major naval operation by both sides offer many lessons on how to employ one's naval forces in the littorals that remain valid even today.


Descriptors :   *SECOND WORLD WAR , *SHIP CONVOYS , *MALTA , NAVAL WARFARE , MEDITERRANEAN SEA , LITTORAL WARFARE , REPLENISHMENT , ITALY , GERMANY , REPRINTS , NORTH AFRICA


Subject Categories : Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Naval Surface Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE