Accession Number : ADA518777


Title :   Criminal Sovereignty: Understanding North Korea's Illicit International Activities


Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA


Personal Author(s) : Kan, Paul R ; Bechtol, Jr, Bruce E ; Collins, Robert M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a518777.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 44


Abstract : North Korea's criminal conduct-smuggling, trafficking, and counterfeiting - is well known, but the organization directing it is understudied or overlooked. Policymakers, military leaders, and scholars may feel that they have a reasonable grasp on how and why North Korea is actively involved in criminal enterprises. However, unlike the other remaining communist states orphaned after the Cold War, or ordinary corrupt autocratic regimes, or criminally linked warlords and insurgent groups, North Korea practices a form of criminal sovereignty that is unique in the contemporary international security arena. North Korea uses state sovereignty to protect itself from external interference in its domestic affairs while dedicating a portion of its government to carrying out illicit international activities in defiance of international law and the domestic laws of numerous other nations. The proceeds of these activities are then used in a number of ways to sustain North Korea's existence and to enable other policies. For example, criminal proceeds are distributed to members of the North Korean elite (including senior officers of the armed forces); are used to support Kim Jong-il's personal life style; and are invested in its military apparatus.


Descriptors :   *INTERNATIONAL LAW , *LAW ENFORCEMENT , *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *NORTH KOREA , *CRIMINALS , MILITARY COMMANDERS , DOMESTIC , COLD WAR , SECURITY , POLICIES , OFFICER PERSONNEL


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE