Accession Number : ADA518650


Title :   Congress and National Security: Interest, Influence and Speed


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS


Personal Author(s) : Van Hook, Matthew S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a518650.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 114


Abstract : Both the President and Congress have Constitutional responsibility for the nation's security. The U.S. Congress, like the President, demonstrates both interest and influence over national security affairs. An effective and often overlooked means of determining this interest and influence is to examine Congress's speed of action and the factors that influence this speed. The following five variables affect Congress's speed and provide a useful method of analysis: constituent concern, interest groups, committees and subcommittees, party leadership, and presidential leadership. This thesis examines the impact of these variables in two case studies of security agency organizational reform. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 and the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 both represent the fast action of Congress on vital national security problems. Though the effects of particular variables differed in the two cases, the study concludes that Congress does not need a mystical aligning of all the stars to move fast on an issue of national security. Instead, the positive impact of one or two variables combined with the neutrality of the others results in a fast speed of action from Congress on national security affairs.


Descriptors :   *LEGISLATION , *NATIONAL SECURITY , *INTELLIGENCE , *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , *CONGRESS , *ORGANIZATIONAL REALIGNMENT , PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES) , HISTORY , CASE STUDIES , LEADERSHIP , THESES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Intelligence


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE