Accession Number : ADA515198


Title :   Satellite Surveillance: Domestic Issues


Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.


Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE


Personal Author(s) : Best, Jr, Richard A ; Elsea, Jennifer K


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a515198.pdf


Report Date : 01 Feb 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 29


Abstract : Reconnaissance satellites, first deployed in the early 1960s to peer into denied regions of the Soviet Union and other secretive enemy states, have from time to time been used by civilian agencies of the federal government to assist with mapping, disaster relief, and environmental concerns. These uses have been coordinated by the Civil Applications Office at the U.S. Geological Survey, a component of the Interior Department. Post 9/11, the Bush Administration sought to encourage use of satellite-derived data for homeland security and law enforcement purposes, in addition to the civil applications that have been supported for years. In 2007, it moved to transfer responsibility for coordinating civilian use of satellites to the Department of Homeland Security. The initiative was launched, however, apparently without notification of key congressional oversight committees. Members of Congress and outside groups raised concerns that using satellites for law enforcement purposes may infringe on the privacy and Fourth Amendment rights of U.S. persons. Other commentators questioned whether the proposed surveillance will violate the Posse Comitatus Act or other restrictions on military involvement in civilian law enforcement, or would otherwise exceed the statutory mandates of the agencies involved.


Descriptors :   *RECONNAISSANCE SATELLITES , *CIVIL AFFAIRS , LAW ENFORCEMENT , HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE , INFRINGEMENT , HOMELAND SECURITY , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , USSR , AREA DENIAL


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Unmanned Spacecraft


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE