Accession Number : ADA514307


Title :   Anthrax Vaccine as a Component of the Strategic National Stockpile: A Dilemma for Homeland Security


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Rempfer, Thomas L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a514307.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 286


Abstract : The author explains how past problems with the Defense Department anthrax vaccine currently affect Department of Homeland Security and Department of Health and Human Service policy. The departments included the BioThrax(Registered) anthrax vaccine in the Strategic National Stockpile following the 2001 anthrax letter attacks. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the vaccine's failing status possibly motivated the letter attacks to create demand for the vaccine. This thesis explores the Department of Defense's troubled experience with the vaccine through four methodologies. The multiprism methodological approach of quadrangulation serves to box in past safety, efficacy, regulatory, and legal problems. A literature review demonstrates an evolving shift in critiques of the vaccine that parallels policy pronouncements. A case study tool offers a chronological review of the anthrax vaccine to evaluate causal events precipitating the anthrax letter attacks in 2001. A program evaluation includes process tracing through quantitative, qualitative, summative, and formative reviews. Finally, a gap analysis aids in explaining continued reliance on the old vaccine technology. To conclude, the thesis recommendations encourage formulation of a Presidential Study and Policy Directive process to reassess the vaccine, while suggesting alternative Department of Homeland Security policy courses of action centered on antibiotics and new technologies.


Descriptors :   *HOMELAND SECURITY , *VACCINES , *BACILLUS ANTHRACIS , LITERATURE SURVEYS , THESES , CASE STUDIES , PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES) , LITIGATION , PERSIAN GULF WAR , BIOTERRORISM , POLICIES , DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , TEST AND EVALUATION , BIOLOGICAL WARFARE


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE