Accession Number : ADA514121


Title :   Investigation on Novel Methods to Increase Specific Thrust in Pulse Detonation Engines via Imploding Detonations


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Ho, Ivan C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a514121.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 112


Abstract : Pulse Detonation Engines (PDE) are seen to be the next generation propulsion systems due to enhanced thermodynamic efficiencies based on the Humphrey cycle. One of the limitations in fielding practical designs has been attributed to tube diameters not exceeding 5 inches as the shock wave takes a long run distance for transition to detonation, thus, potentially affecting specific thrust. Novel methods via imploding detonations were investigated to remove such limitations. During the study, a practical computational cell size was first determined, so as to capture the required physics for transient detonation wave propagation using a Hydrogen-Air test case. Through a grid sensitivity analysis, one-quarter of the induction length was found sufficient to capture the experimentally observed initial wave transients. Test case models utilizing axi-symmetric head-on implosions were studied in order to understand how the implosion process reinforces a detonation wave as it expands. This in effect creates localized overdriven regions, which maintains the transition process to full detonation. A parametric study was also performed to determine the extent of diameter increase and it was found that the detonations could be supported with no change in run distance even when the tube diameter exceeds 5 inches.


Descriptors :   *DETONATIONS , *ENGINES , SHOCK WAVES , THESES , IMPLOSIONS , TRANSITIONS , THRUST , THERMODYNAMICS , TEST AND EVALUATION , PROPULSION SYSTEMS


Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
      Jet and Gas Turbine Engines


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE