Accession Number : ADA513651


Title :   Human Behavior Representation in Constructive Simulation (La representation du comportement humain dans la simulation constructive)


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : NATO RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a513651.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 195


Abstract : Lack of incorporation of human factors in military operational models is still seriously flawing the validity and predictive power. In this report methods are provided to implement the advanced human factors knowledge that is available, without creation of an unmanageable complexity. The core of the method is the use of human states, providing a basis for expressing the stresses experienced by personnel that are important to military outcomes (exhaustion, thermal load, mental workload, etc.). States integrate the effects of previous activity and recovery in a scientifically founded way, allowing models to run time based scenarios without restriction. Aggregated units like teams and larger units have additional HF properties that do not exist at the individual level. Effects based operations have a profound impact on the way an operational problem is solved and consequently also on the requirements placed on simulation models. Modeling EBOperations requires increased representation of cognition of coordinated units, capturing assessment, judgment, and decision making. The choices allow for variable behavior. This report attempts to provide some guidance on how human behavior models can be extended to capture these effects in military modeling and simulation. These considerations are synthesized in an overall scheme and a 19-step process to guide practitioners and analysts through an HF reinforced study case, called good practice.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS , *SIMULATION , *HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING , *BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES , MODELS , REASONING , SITUATIONAL AWARENESS , COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS , METHODOLOGY , PERCEPTION , INFORMATION PROCESSING , SPEECH REPRESENTATION , DECISION MAKING , OPERATIONS RESEARCH


Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE