Accession Number : ADA511997


Title :   Enhancing the Efficacy of Prostate Cancer Immunotherapy by Manipulating T-Cell Receptor Signaling in Order to Alter Peripheral Regulatory T-Cell Activity


Descriptive Note : Annual summary rept. 1 Jul 2008-30 Jun 2009


Corporate Author : UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES


Personal Author(s) : Gray, Andrew


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a511997.pdf


Report Date : Jul 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 49


Abstract : Immunotherapeutic strategies are a novel treatment option for incurable late-stage and metastatic prostate cancer. Several prostate-related antigens have been identified and even used clinically in therapeutic vaccine strategies, but the results have been disappointing. The activity of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) is a mechanism of peripheral tolerance that regulates immune responses, including those induced by therapeutic vaccination against cancer-associated antigens. PEST-domain enriched tyrosine phosphatase (PEP) is a critical negative regulator of the strength of TCR signaling in the thymus, which in turn has a central role in the development of regulatory T cells. Knockout of PEP leads to an increased number of peripheral Tregs. Thus, it was expected that transgenic mice harboring a gain-of-function variant of the human ortholog of PEP (called LYP) would have fewer peripheral Tregs, but this study has revealed that this is not the case. In response to this unexpected finding, an alternative breeding and research strategy has been developed and the necessary transgenic mice have been procured. In addition, it has been demonstrated that the efficacy of therapeutic immunotherapy is significantly reduced as prostate cancer advances, and that regulatory T cells are likely to have a role in limiting vaccine effectiveness. These data form the basis of a manuscript that has been submitted for publication.


Descriptors :   *IMMUNOTHERAPY , *PROSTATE CANCER , RECEPTOR SITES(PHYSIOLOGY) , VACCINES , METASTASIS , TRANSCRIPTION(GENETICS) , T LYMPHOCYTES , RESPONSE(BIOLOGY) , PROSTATE GLAND


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE