Accession Number : ADA511991
Title : A Compendium of Sexual Assault Research
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
Personal Author(s) : Harrell, Margaret C ; Castaneda, Laura W ; Adelson, Marisa ; Gaillot, Sarah ; Lynch, Charlotte ; Pomeroy, Amanda
Report Date : Jan 2009
Pagination or Media Count : 317
Abstract : Sexual assault is a violent crime that has tremendously pernicious effects on the victim. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the prevalence of sexual assault: Estimates vary among studies, in part because of differing definitions of sexual assault, different populations studied, and different methods employed for selecting the sample. As a result, while many studies indicate that sexual assault is a pervasive problem, the estimated prevalence ranges considerably. For example, estimates of sexual assault involving female victims range in studies of community samples from 15 to 51 percent (Masho, Odor, and Adera, 2005; Ullman and Siegel, 1993; Elliott, Mok, and Briere, 2004; Randall and Haskell, 1995). One of these studies also included male subjects and found the prevalence of sexual assault victimization among those men to be 4 percent (Elliott, Mok, and Briere, 2004). Studies of college samples measured sexual assault rates at 21 to 42 percent among female samples (Combs-Lane and Smith, 2002; Easton et al., 1997; Fisher, Cullen, and Turner, 2000; Gross et al., 2006; Kalof, 2000a; Nasta et al., 2005; Synovitz and Byrne, 1998; Krebs et al., 2007). Studies that focused specifically on military samples have reported a range from 2 percent to 51 percent for female subjects (Lipari, Lancaster, and Jones, 2005; Sadler et al., 2003; Skinner et al., 2000; Martin, Rosen, et al., 1998; Merrill et al., 1998), and in those that included male military subjects, up to 7 percent of the men studied had been sexually assaulted (Lipari, Lancaster, and Jones, 2005, and Martin et al., 1998). Finally, one prominent large-scale study has estimated a national prevalence for rape or attempted rape of women at approximately 18 percent (Tjaden and Thoennes, 2000).
Descriptors : *SEX , *ASSAULT , POPULATION , CRIMES , UNIVERSITIES , WOMEN , FEMALES , RATES , COMMUNITIES , ESTIMATES
Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE