Accession Number : ADA506922


Title :   Anti-Guerilla Warfare in Aceh, Indonesia from 1980-2005


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA


Personal Author(s) : Gunawan, Novarin


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a506922.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 56


Abstract : The aim of this paper is to provide a historical analysis of the conflict in Aceh during the period 1980 to the present, with a focus on the causes of the conflict. The paper addresses the issue of whether or not the Indonesian Government should take further military or political action in response to Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM, or Free Aceh Movement) demands to end the conflict and bring peace to the province. In discussing the causes and development of the Aceh conflict in Indonesia, the author argues that it is possible to differentiate between the goals of those involved in the conflict and the grievances that have provoked it. In short, Aceh's economic, social, and political grievances have led to a struggle for independence. The author contends that the goal of a peaceful, stable, and prosperous Indonesia, a goal that is supported by the international community, is more likely to be achieved by addressing the grievances of the people of Aceh rather than the stated end goals of GAM's leadership. Although Aceh recently fell victim to an earthquake and tsunami on December 26, 2005, the struggle for independence still continues. The GAM continues to be unresponsive to overtures for a peaceful solution. The only objective the GAM will discuss is that of a completely independent state. No other solutions are acceptable. Nevertheless, the author argues that alternative solutions do exist.


Descriptors :   *COUNTERINSURGENCY , *HISTORY , *INDONESIA , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *GUERRILLA WARFARE , AGREEMENTS , INTERVENTION , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , NEGOTIATIONS , DEMOCRACY , LIVING STANDARDS , INDIGENOUS POPULATION , LOCAL GOVERNMENT , INFRASTRUCTURE , NATURAL RESOURCES , ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY) , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , ISLAM , LEADERSHIP , CULTURE


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE