Accession Number : ADA504847


Title :   Criminals, Militias, and Insurgents: Organized Crime in Iraq


Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA


Personal Author(s) : Williams, Phil


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a504847.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 294


Abstract : Although organized crime has been the neglected dimension of the conflict in Iraq, both criminal enterprises and criminal activities have had a profoundly debilitating impact. Organized crime inhibited reconstruction and development and became a major obstacle to state-building; the insurgency was strengthened and sustained by criminal activities; sectarian conflict was funded by criminal activities and motivated by the desire to control criminal markets; and more traditional criminal enterprises created pervasive insecurity through kidnapping and extortion. Organized crime also acted as an economic and political spoiler in an oil industry expected to be the dynamo for growth and reconstruction in post Ba'athist Iraq.


Descriptors :   *CRIMES , POLITICAL SCIENCE , MARKETING , INSURGENCY , CONFLICT , IRAQ , ECONOMICS


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE