Accession Number : ADA504032
Title : Navy Nuclear-Powered Surface Ships: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : O'Rourke, Ronald
Report Date : 17 Jul 2009
Pagination or Media Count : 33
Abstract : Some Members of Congress, particularly on the House Armed Services Committee, have expressed interest in expanding the use of nuclear power to a wider array of Navy surface ships, including the Navy's planned CG(X) cruiser. Section 1012 of the FY2008 defense authorization act makes it U.S. policy to construct the major combatant ships of the Navy with integrated nuclear power systems, unless the Secretary of Defense submits a notification to Congress that the inclusion of a nuclear power system in a given class of ship is not in the national interest. The Navy has studied nuclear power as a design option for the CG(X), but has not yet said whether it wants to build the CG(X) as a nuclear-powered ship. The Navy's proposed FY2010 budget defers the planned procurement of the first CG(X) from FY2011 to a year beyond FY2015, most likely FY2017. A 2006 Navy study concluded the following: (1) In constant FY2007 dollars, building a Navy surface combatant or amphibious ship with nuclear power rather than conventional power would add roughly $600 million to $800 million to its procurement cost; (2) The total life-cycle cost of a nuclear-powered medium-size surface combatant would equal that of a conventionally powered medium-size surface combatant if the cost of crude oil averages $70 per barrel to $225 per barrel over the life of the ship; (3) Nuclear power should be considered for near-term applications for medium-size surface combatants; and (4) Compared to conventionally powered ships, nuclear-powered ships have advantages in terms of both time needed to surge to a distant theater of operation for a contingency and in operational presence in the theater of operation. In assessing whether the CG(X) or other future Navy surface ships should be nuclear-powered, Congress may consider a number of issues, including cost, operational effectiveness, ship construction, ship maintenance and repair, crew training, ports calls and forward homeporting, and environmental impact.
Descriptors : *CRUISERS , *NUCLEAR POWERED SHIPS , *OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS , *NAVAL VESSELS(COMBATANT) , *NAVAL PROCUREMENT , *LIFE CYCLE COSTS , *LEGISLATION , SHIPYARDS , CRUDE OIL , NAVAL TRAINING , SHIPBUILDING , FUEL CONSUMPTION , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , LIFE EXPECTANCY(SERVICE LIFE) , AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS , MAINTENANCE , MOBILITY
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE