Accession Number : ADA501860


Title :   Basalt Petrogenesis Beneath Slow - and Ultraslow-Spreading Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridges


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE CENTER FOR METEOROLOGY AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY


Personal Author(s) : Elkins, Lynne J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a501860.pdf


Report Date : Feb 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 142


Abstract : To explore the ability of melting mafic lithologies to produce alkaline ocean-island basalts (OIB), a study was carried out measuring clinopyroxene (Cpx)- melt and garnet (Gt)-melt partition coefficients during silica-poor garnet pyroxenite melting for a suite of trace elements, including U and Th, at 2.5GPa and 1420-1450 degrees C. Forward-melting calculations using the results to model time-dependent uranium-series isotopes do not support presence of a fixed quantity of garnet pyroxenite in the source of OIB. To use U-series isotopes to further constrain mantle heterogeneity and the timing and nature of melting and melt transport processes, U-Th-Pa-Ra disequilibria, radiogenic isotopes, and trace-element compositions were measured for the slow-spreading Arctic mid-ocean ridges (MOR). A case study of 33 young MOR basalts (MORB) from the shallow endmember of the global ridge system, the Kolbeinsey Ridge found that unaltered Kolbeinsey MORB have universally high (230Th/238U) (1.165-1.296) and relatively uniform (230Th/232Th) (1.196-1.324), SigmaNd, 87Sr/86Sr SigmaHf, and Pb isotopes. This suggests a homogeneous mantle source and a long peridotite melting column produces the thick Kolbeinsey crust. Trace element ratios suggest a young, depleted mantle source. Data from the slow- to ultraslow Mohns and Knipovich Ridges north of Kolbeinsey form a sloped array, and (230Th/232Th) correlates systematically with radiogenic isotopic variations. These data are readily reproduced by models for heterogeneous mantle melting. MORB from 85 degrees E on the global ultraslow-spreading endmember Gakkel Ridge are homogeneously depleted with low (230Th/238U) and high (226Ra/230Th) that lie along a global negative correlation. Arctic data support a global mantle temperature control on mean (230Th/238U).


Descriptors :   *RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES , *GEOLOGIC AGE DETERMINATION , *OCEAN RIDGES , MELTING , NEODYMIUM , STRONTIUM , URANIUM , GARNET , TRACE ELEMENTS , LEAD(METAL) , THORIUM , ARCTIC OCEAN ISLANDS , GEOLOGIC MODELS , MARINE GEOLOGY , MAGMA , THESES , BASALT


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE