Accession Number : ADA498517


Title :   Security Force Assistance


Descriptive Note : Field manual


Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Dempsey, Martin E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a498517.pdf


Report Date : May 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 145


Abstract : In an era of persistent conflict, the United States supports the internal defense and development of international partners, regardless of whether those partners are highly developed and stable or less developed and emerging. While many of these partners are nations, they can also include alliances, coalitions, and regional organizations. U.S. support to these partners ranges from providing humanitarian assistance to major combat operations. U.S. support includes conducting conflict transformation, bolstering partner legitimacy, and building partner capacity. A vital part of these three aspects of U.S. support is assisting partner security forces. Security force assistance (SFA) is not new for Army forces. In fact, General George Washington's Inspector General of the Army acted as an advisor for Army forces. Baron Friedrick Wilhelm von Steuben instilled discipline and professionalism into an army that previously lacked formalized training. His 1779 Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, adapted from the Prussian army, formed the doctrinal backbone of the Continental Army throughout the Revolutionary War. Additionally, the lineage of the Army's operations field manual, FM 3-0, can be traced to this document. As a benefactor of advisors such as von Steuben, the Army has since undertaken what is called SFA several times throughout its history. Army doctrine defines security force assistance as the unified action to generate, employ, and sustain local, host-nation, or regional security forces in support of a legitimate authority (FM 3-07). SFA is part of the FM 3-0 construct of full spectrum operations. Similarly, it is conducted across the spectrum of conflict or in any of the operational themes. SFA is normally part of a larger security sector reform effort, while in other instances, SFA is not tied to reform but to building partner capacity.


Descriptors :   *ARMY TRAINING , *SECURITY PERSONNEL , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY ASSISTANCE , *NATIONAL SECURITY , ARMY PERSONNEL , MILITARY ADVISORS , MILITARY DOCTRINE , DEFICIENCIES , MILITARY OPERATIONS , INSTRUCTION MANUALS , AFRICA , MILITARY PERSONNEL , ADVISORY ACTIVITIES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Intelligence


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE