Accession Number : ADA496916


Title :   Hezbollah: Psychological Warfare Against Israel


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Brennen, Lisa M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a496916.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 97


Abstract : Since the 34-day war in 2006 between Hezbollah and Israel, psychological warfare has re-emerged as a topic of interest. Many experts have asked the question: how could a nonstate actor defeat Israel -- a regional superpower -- in such a short amount of time? Hezbollah also defeated Israel in 2000 when it forced the state to unilaterally withdraw from southern Lebanon after an 18-year occupation. Although Hezbollah's psychological warfare strategy contributed greatly to these two successes, there also are other factors that contributed to Israel's failures. First, Israel incorrectly assessed its enemy, which resulted in the development of overly ambitious objectives for Lebanon in addition to the application of inappropriate strategies. Israel underestimated the level of support Hezbollah enjoyed from the Lebanese population after years of political participation in the country and the provision of security, economic assistance, and social services to the people. Second, Israel's aversion to casualties inhibited it from choosing more bold military strategies. Third, Hezbollah waged effective guerrilla warfare against Israel's conventional military efforts. By embedding itself within the civilian population, Hezbollah became a difficult target to attack through conventional warfare. Hezbollah's psychological warfare strategy played a crucial role in exploiting Israel's military mistakes and its aversion to casualties.


Descriptors :   *LEBANON , *TERRORISTS , *GUERRILLA WARFARE , *PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE , *CONVENTIONAL WARFARE , *MILITARY STRATEGY , *ISRAEL , HISTORY , EMBEDDING , CASUALTIES , PUBLIC RELATIONS , CIVILIAN POPULATION , INFORMATION WARFARE , SOCIAL WELFARE , THESES , FAILURE , PUBLIC OPINION , TERRORISM , STRATEGIC COMMUNICATIONS


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE