Accession Number : ADA492422


Title :   University-Private Sector Research Partnerships in the Innovation Ecosystem


Descriptive Note : Special rept.


Corporate Author : EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT WASHINGTON DC PRESIDENT'S COUNCIL OF ADVISORS ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Papermaster, Steven G ; Proenza, Luis M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a492422.pdf


Report Date : Nov 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 93


Abstract : The system of interconnected institutions, persons, and policies necessary to propel technological and economic development is commonly referred to as the U.S. innovation ecosystem. The President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) has reported on various aspects of this ecosystem. This report builds on these studies to investigate research partnerships between universities and the private sector. There are several trends that PCAST considers to fall specifically within context of university-private sector research partnerships. The first is the growing imbalance between the academic research capacity and the Federal research budget. The second development is the reduction in basic research performed by the industrial sector. Private foundations are expanding their capacity to fund research, a trend expected to be important in the future. Lastly, the accelerating speed of technological development requires new methods of knowledge exchange to capture the societal and economic benefits of these innovations. The PCAST reviewed the current state and historical trends of the U.S. R&D enterprise. They examined inputs and outputs of the ecosystem to evaluate the effectiveness and productivity of the research enterprise. Finally, PCAST examined the effects of increased globalization of economic markets on the R&D enterprise. PCAST considered several models of university-private sector research partnerships and models of private foundations funding. The varied nature reflects the diversity of the ecosystem. PCAST did find numerous barriers and opportunities that many partnerships shared in common; these are included in the Appendices. PCAST's findings and recommendations fall into five general areas: Basic Research and Innovation; Economic and Regulatory Policies Impacting U.S. Innovation and Research Partnerships; Network Models of Open Innovation; Connection Points Between Partners in the Innovation Ecosystem; and Measuring and Assessing Innovation.


Descriptors :   *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , *BUDGETS , *TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER , COOPERATION , ECONOMIC FORECASTING , RESEARCH MANAGEMENT , UNIVERSITIES , POLICIES , INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE