Accession Number : ADA487559
Title : Zimbabwe: Current Issues and U.S. Policy
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Ploch, Lauren
Report Date : 21 Jun 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 48
Abstract : Zimbabwe's prospects appeared promising in 1980, as it gained independence after a long liberation war. The country exhibited steady economic growth, enabling the new government to provide free education and widespread access to health care. Challenges grew in the 1990s, however. Rising inflation and unemployment bred discontent, as evidenced by regular student and labor protests, and led in 1999 to the formation of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The new party surprised many with its initial success, campaigning against a 2000 referendum that would have legalized the president's continued rule, made government officials immune from prosecution, and allowed the uncompensated seizure of white-owned land for redistribution to black farmers. The referendum failed, and the MDC won nearly half the seats in the 2000 parliamentary election. The ruling party has since taken numerous, often undemocratic actions to bolster its power, including an aggressive land redistribution policy.
Descriptors : *DEMOCRACY , *ZIMBABWE , ECONOMICS , INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , EDUCATION , FOREIGN POLICY , MEDICAL SERVICES
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE