Accession Number : ADA486594


Title :   Invasive Threats to the American Homeland


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ILLINOIS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD SPRINGFIELD


Personal Author(s) : Pratt, Robert J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a486594.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2004


Pagination or Media Count : 19


Abstract : Presidential Executive Order 13112 defines invasive species as a species that is (1) non-native (or alien) to the ecosystem under consideration and (2) whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. Historically, the introduction of an invasive species has not been intentional, nor has it been the purposeful act of an adversary to weaken or attack the United States. Success of the 9/11 attack, and the devastation inflicted on the nation at a relatively low cost, will doubtless inspire our adversaries to continue to employ asymmetric methods to threaten and weaken the United States. Among those methods may be the introduction of an invasive species, a disease pathogen, or some other biological threat. An adversary could use invasive species as an asymmetric method of attack to weaken the country by inflicting tremendous economic and psychological damage. In addition, adversaries could strike a strong blow while avoiding any symmetric retaliation.


Descriptors :   *BIOLOGICAL WARFARE , *HOMELAND SECURITY , *ECONOMIC WARFARE , PLANNING , DEFICIENCIES , ASYMMETRIC WARFARE , PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE , AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , ECONOMIC IMPACT , REPRINTS


Subject Categories : Civil Defense
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE