Accession Number : ADA485752


Title :   The Impact of Emotion on Negotiation Behaviour during a Realistic Training Scenario


Descriptive Note : Contract rept.


Corporate Author : HUMANSYSTEMS INC GUELPH (ONTARIO)


Personal Author(s) : Thomson, Michael H ; Adams, Barbara D ; Waldherr, Sonya


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a485752.pdf


Report Date : Nov 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 114


Abstract : During this training exercise, military trainee teams confront a simulated human rights violation in which they must negotiate with the person in charge (an armed police sergeant) to protect the lives of the civilians being violently abused and being made to dig what look like their own graves. The experiment explored the impact of emotion on military trainees' negotiation behavior and perceptions by varying the emotional intensity of the armed sergeant (Sgt) to be very angry and aggressive (experimental condition) or more neutral and yielding (baseline condition). Two competing theories suggest that an emotion like anger could influence negotiators in different ways. If social contagion occurs when facing an aggressive Sgt, his anger may transfer to the trainees, and they may behave more aggressively by making more demands and fewer concessions. In contrast, the strategic choice theory predicts that trainees encountering an aggressive Sgt will be motivated to use his anger as information during the negotiation, thereby countering his demands with fewer demands and more concessions. Thus, the social contagion hypothesis predicts that the trainees may show more aggressive behavior toward an aggressive Sgt than toward a neutral Sgt, whereas the strategic choice hypothesis argues that the Sgt's anger will promote a more yielding stance. The scenario was videotaped and later content analyzed. Trainees completed a questionnaire exploring their perceptions of emotions, role and responsibility, decision strategies, and the scenario's outcome. The outcome was analyzed in terms of whether the trainees left the civilians in the hands of the police, watched while they were led into a dense forest, or followed them as they were led away. Results showed that the most common outcome was that trainees refused to leave the victims in the hands of the military police and chose to follow the civilians as they were escorted to the police station.


Descriptors :   *EMOTIONS , *TRAINEES , *MILITARY TRAINING , *CONFRONTATION , *NEGOTIATIONS , *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , *BEHAVIOR , INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS , REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , MILITARY POLICE , QUESTIONNAIRES , CIVILIAN POPULATION , HYPOTHESES , CANADA , THEORY , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , SCENARIOS , DECISION MAKING


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE