Accession Number : ADA485609
Title : Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Matthews, Christine M
Report Date : 23 Jul 2008
Pagination or Media Count : 26
Abstract : The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. Few will dispute that U.S. universities and industry have chosen foreign talent to fill many positions. Foreign scientists and engineers serve the needs of industry at the doctorate level and also have been found to serve in major roles at the masters level. However, there are charges that U.S. workers are adversely affected by the entry of foreign scientists and engineers, who reportedly accept lower wages than U.S. citizens would accept in order to enter or remain in the United States.
Descriptors : *JOBS , *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , FOREIGN , STUDENTS , SALARIES , UNIVERSITIES , LABOR , SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS , GRADUATES , INDUSTRIES , UNITED STATES , ENGINEERING
Subject Categories : Administration and Management
Personnel Management and Labor Relations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE