Accession Number : ADA485609


Title :   Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force


Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.


Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE


Personal Author(s) : Matthews, Christine M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a485609.pdf


Report Date : 23 Jul 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 26


Abstract : The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. Few will dispute that U.S. universities and industry have chosen foreign talent to fill many positions. Foreign scientists and engineers serve the needs of industry at the doctorate level and also have been found to serve in major roles at the masters level. However, there are charges that U.S. workers are adversely affected by the entry of foreign scientists and engineers, who reportedly accept lower wages than U.S. citizens would accept in order to enter or remain in the United States.


Descriptors :   *JOBS , *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , FOREIGN , STUDENTS , SALARIES , UNIVERSITIES , LABOR , SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS , GRADUATES , INDUSTRIES , UNITED STATES , ENGINEERING


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE