Accession Number : ADA483624


Title :   Has Plan Colombia Ignored Neighboring Countries


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Andrade-Garzon, Celso


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a483624.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 117


Abstract : The United States government has two main concerns in South America's Andean region. The first is drug production and trafficking. This study focuses on the drug supply from the Andean region. The second concern is the insurgency conducted by Colombian narco-guerilla groups. The Colombian government is dedicated to defeating those illegal groups as the main cause of regional violence. Their primarily military strategy, implemented by local government, is Plan Colombia, which in the last seven years has received about five billion dollars in U.S. funding. Plan Colombia has geopolitical impacts on diplomacy, economics, national security, and the population's well-being. Plan Colombia has resulted in second-order effects on the neighboring countries of Ecuador and Venezuela, increasing border violence, population displacement and the creation of refugees, environmental damage, black market weapons trading and drug trafficking. This thesis uses trust and influence theory to analyze how Plan Colombia affects Ecuador and Venezuela and the actions taken by these neighboring countries to reduce, overcome, or exacerbate negative second order effects. Additionally, the thesis offers suggestions on efforts Washington and Bogota might make to improve and update Plan Colombia, with recommendations to improve U.S. regional strategies.


Descriptors :   *VENEZUELA , *ECUADOR , *DRUG INTERDICTION , *INSURGENCY , *COLOMBIA , REFUGEES , DRUG SMUGGLING , GUERRILLA WARFARE , GEOPOLITICS , THESES , THEORY , ECONOMIC IMPACT , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE