Accession Number : ADA483327


Title :   Cross-Shore Distribution of Longshore Sediment Transport: Comparison Between Predictive Formulas and Field Measurements


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : LUND UNIV (SWEDEN) DEPT OF WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Bayram, Atilla ; Larson, Magnus ; Miller, Herman C ; Kraus, Nicholas C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a483327.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2001


Pagination or Media Count : 22


Abstract : The skill of six well-known formulas developed for calculating the longshore sediment transport rate was evaluated in the present study. Formulas proposed by Bijker, Engelund-Hansen, Ackers-White, Bailard-Inman, Van Rijn, and Watanabe were investigated because they are commonly employed in engineering studies to calculate the time-averaged net sediment transport rate in the surf zone. The predictive capability of these six formulas was examined by comparison to detailed high quality data on hydrodynamics and sediment transport from Duck, NC, collected during the DUCK85, SUPERDUCK, and SANDYDUCK field data collection projects. Measured hydrodynamics were employed as much as possible to reduce uncertainties in the calculations and all formulas were applied with standard coefficient values without calibration to the data sets. Overall the Van Rijn formula was found to yield the most reliable predictions over the range of swell and storm conditions covered by the field data set. The Engelund-Hansen formula worked reasonably well, although with large scatter for the storm cases whereas the Bailard-Inman formula systematically overestimated the swell cases and underestimated the storm cases. The formulas by Watanabe and Ackers White produced satisfactory results for most cases, although the former overestimated the transport rates for swell cases and the latter yielded considerable scatter for storm cases. Finally, the Bijker formula systematically overestimated the transport rates for all cases.


Descriptors :   *MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION , *FIELD CONDITIONS , *HYDRODYNAMICS , *SEDIMENT TRANSPORT , *COMPARISON , FORMULAS(MATHEMATICS) , COEFFICIENTS , CALIBRATION , RATES , DATA ACQUISITION , MEASUREMENT , REPRINTS


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE