Accession Number : ADA482063


Title :   Should DoD be Concerned with Potential Petroleum Supply Shortage and What Could It Do to Stimulate Alternative Fuels Development?


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan-Dec 2007


Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA


Personal Author(s) : Fisher, Brent ; Macheret, Yevgeny


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a482063.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 25


Abstract : This white paper addresses the issue of energy supply challenges for the Department of defense (DoD) in the context of greater national energy issues, and it proposes a strategy that DoD might consider to hedge against future energy supply and cost uncertainties, while helping to drive the market development of select energy alternatives for the nation as a whole. The first part of the work is a brief assessment of the energy (oil) challenges facing the United States and DoD. The assessment aims to distinguish genuine problems from issues that are either not new or are outright red herrings. The authors argue that commonly cited goals of DoD energy security -- independence from the Middle East and assured fuel access -- miss the point. Oil from the Middle East accounts for less than 20% of total U.S. imports, but the Middle East, because of its large global market share, effectively sets prices for all oil, regardless of its origination. Instead, DoD faces two different but urgent concerns over its fuel supply costs: the overhead logistics costs associated with fuel use and exposure to unpredictable price swings. Improving the fuel efficiency of fleet vehicles, thus lowering demand for fuel, will reduce the logistics burden. Developing alternative fuel sources, among other strategies, may contribute to price stability. The second part of the work outlines a proposal for mitigating DoD's exposure to oil price instability, which affects DoD's ability to budget and plan. Moreover, development of an alternative fuel supply would represent a long-term investment for which DoD has a unique need, on account of the long lead times required for development and acquisition of weapons systems that themselves have long lifetimes.


Descriptors :   *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , *CRUDE OIL , *SUPPLIES , *LOGISTICS , *FUELS , *COSTS , *STRATEGY , INSTABILITY , REFINERIES , MILITARY PROCUREMENT , CAPACITY(QUANTITY) , DELIVERY , PRODUCTION , IMPORTS , RESERVES(ENERGY) , MIDDLE EAST


Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE