Accession Number : ADA482017


Title :   Preparing for the Worst: Psychological Excellence of First Responders - A Katrina Lessons Learned Study


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 29 Aug 2006-30 Nov 2007


Corporate Author : NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL STATE UNIV GREENSBORO


Personal Author(s) : Seong, Younho ; Springs, Sherry ; Chung, Yongchul ; Avery-Epps, Regina


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a482017.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 146


Abstract : Hurricane Katrina was the most destructive natural disaster in U.S. history. The nation was in shock and many governmental officers and administrators as well as American taxpayers cannot help but wonder what could be done to ensure better preparation as a nation for the next formidable disaster. In fact, there have been several official lessons learned reports and the findings and recommendations from these reports of the response to Hurricane Katrina have been addressed. These reports provided the comprehensive picture of the disaster, pinpointed many deficiency areas, and suggested a corrected course of action at the Federal, State, and local level agencies to prepare, respond, and recover from the massive disasters. Though we fully agree with the needs for better planning and preparedness, those previously reported findings and recommendations are, in general, a culmination of top-down approach based on rational decision-making system. What has been lacking in the previous reports is bottom-up approach to deal with the disaster at the scene by real people, first responders (FR), who are making a difference during the crisis. In this paper, we attempt to understand how and what types of training technologies can be provided to support and prepare our first responders to deal with such unimaginable scale of disaster. Based on our findings, we are now proposing an alternative training model that combines cognitive and behavior aspects when preparing the FR. Consequently, the third project component - developing a training module based on both engineering (cognitive readiness) and sport psychology (mental skills training) - was added.


Descriptors :   *FIRST RESPONDERS , *TRAINING , *PREPARATION , *COGNITION , MENTAL ABILITY , ATTENTION , BEHAVIOR , SKILLS , LESSONS LEARNED , DISASTERS , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Safety Engineering
      Civil Defense


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE