Accession Number : ADA480994


Title :   Rethinking Counterinsurgency


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Mackinlay, John ; Al-Baddawy, Alison


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a480994.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2008


Pagination or Media Count : 82


Abstract : The contemporary international security environment has become a frustrating place for Western powers. Even with great technological and military advances, British and U.S. counterinsurgency (COIN) operations have been slow to respond and adapt to the rise of the global jihadist insurgency. Operational failures in Iraq and Afghanistan have highlighted the need for the West to rethink and retool its current COIN strategy. By analyzing past British COIN experiences and comparing them to the evolving nature of modern jihadist insurgencies, this document suggests a new outlook for future COIN operations. This strategic framework considers the political, social, and military aspects of an insurgency and likewise looks for a political, social, and military solution. Historically, the United Kingdom has been successful in countering insurgencies faced at home and abroad. During the period of decolonization in Asia and Africa, the British government and military were faced with more insurgent activity than any other Western power. During this time, British forces proved proficient in defeating, or at least controlling, the rebellions rising throughout their empire. Most notable were the British successes in Malaya and Northern Ireland. However, these protoinsurgencies were far less complex and sophisticated than the jihadist insurgency faced today. Past insurgencies were primarily monolithic or national in form. Although the popularity of these past insurgent movements may have spread globally, the insurgencies were working for very specific local goals (like overthrowing a local government), and they derived most of their power from the local


Descriptors :   *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *COUNTERINSURGENCY , ENVIRONMENTS , INSURGENCY , LOCAL GOVERNMENT , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN)


Subject Categories : Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE