Accession Number : ADA480570


Title :   The Influence of Thermal Exposure on Diver Susceptibility to Decompression Sickness


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : NAVY EXPERIMENTAL DIVING UNIT PANAMA CITY FL


Personal Author(s) : Gerth, Wayne A ; Ruterbusch, Victor L ; Long, Edwin T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a480570.pdf


Report Date : Nov 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 70


Abstract : The incidences of decompression sickness (DCS) were compared in divers who completed air decompression dives while fully immersed in water at temperature controlled independently [either warm (36.1 C, 97 OF) or cold (26.7 C, 80 OF)] during bottom time (BT) and decompression phases. Divers wore only loosely fitting swim trunks, t-shirts, and neoprene boots and dive gloves, performed cycle ergometer exercise while at bottom, rested during decompression, and remained under controlled resting conditions at 78 +/- 5F (25.6 +/-2.8 C) during the immediate 4 hr postdive period when they were monitored for central venous gas emboli (VGE) with 2-D cardiac echo imaging. Four hundred man-dives were completed with 21 diagnosed cases of DCS in seven series of dives to 120 feet of seawater (fsw) with different combinations of thermal conditions and BT from 25 to 70 min, but with the same U.S. Navy Standard Air 120 fsw/70 min (depth/BT) decompression schedule (stops: 30 fsw/9 min, 20 fsw/23 min, 10 fsw/55 min). Observed effects of water temperature on DCS risk during BT (T(sub W,B)), water temperature during decompression (T(sub W.D)), and different BT were isolated with a fitted logistic model. The DCS odds ratio for a 10C increase in T(sub W,B) B was 23.8(95% CI = 3.8-131.5), while the odds ratio for a 10C increase in T(sub W,B) D was 0.01 (95% CI = 0.002-0.114). In another series of 84 man-dives to 150 fsw and BT = 60 min, divers were cold during compression and bottom phases and warm during subsequent decompression on a U.S. Navy Standard Air 150 fsw/60 min schedule (stops: 40 fsw/3 min, 30 fsw/19 min, 20 fsw/26 min, 10 fsw/62 min). With only a single case of DCS, the DCS incidence in this series was significantly lower (P0.00 1) than obtained in a series of 150 fsw/60 min dives (5 DCS in 20 man-dives) conducted in an earlier study with divers cold throughout the dives and decompressed on a schedule nearly 2.5 times longer.


Descriptors :   *THERMAL PROPERTIES , *EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , *DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS , *DIVERS , RISK , ERGOMETERS , EMBOLISM , NEOPRENE , DIVING , SCHEDULING , SEA WATER


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Stress Physiology
      Thermodynamics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE