Accession Number : ADA479215


Title :   Interannual SST Variability in the Japan/East Sea and Relationship with Environmental Variables


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF OCEANOGRAPHY


Personal Author(s) : Park, Sunghyea ; Chu, Peter C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a479215.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 19


Abstract : Interannual variability of the Japan/East Sea (JES) sea surface temperature (SST) is investigated from the reconstructed NOAA/AVHRR Oceans Pathfinder best SST data (1985 - 2002) using the complex empirical function (CEOF) analysis. The iterative empirical function analysis is used for the SST data reconstruction. The first two leading CEOFs account for 86% of total variance with 66.4% for the first mode and 19.6% for the second mode. The first CEOF mode represents a standing oscillation and a maximum belt in the central JES. There are two near-7-year events and one 2-3-year event during the period of 1985-2002. The first mode oscillates by adjacent atmospheric systems such as the Aleutian Low, the North Pacific High, the Siberian High, and the East Asian jet stream. Positive correlation in a zonal belt between the first mode JES SST anomaly and the background surface air temperature/SST anomaly reveals intensive ocean-atmosphere interaction near the Polar Front in the North Pacific. The second CEOF mode represents two features: standing oscillation and propagating signal. The standing oscillation occurs in the northern (north of 44 deg N) and southern (south of 39 N and west 136 deg E) JES with around 180 deg phase difference. A weak southwestward propagating signal is detected between the two regions. The eastward propagating signal is detected from the East Korean Bay to near 135 deg E. The second mode contains 4-5-year periodicity before 1998 and 2-3-year periodicity thereafter. It is associated with the Arctic Oscillation, which leads it by 1-5-year. Furthermore, a strong correlation with the background surface air temperature/SST anomaly is detected in the tropical to subtropical western Pacific.


Descriptors :   *AIR WATER INTERACTIONS , REPRINTS , OCEAN SURFACE , SURFACE TEMPERATURE , JAPAN SEA , JET STREAMS , ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE , FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS


Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE