Accession Number : ADA478959
Title : The Use of a Steering Shaping Function to Improve Human Performance in By-Wire Vehicles
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD HUMAN RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING DIRECTORATE
Personal Author(s) : Hill, Susan G ; Metcalfe, Jason S ; McDowell, Kaleb
Report Date : Mar 2008
Pagination or Media Count : 34
Abstract : The U.S. Army is examining evolutionary concepts for the command and control of military vehicles. Currently, there is a performance issue regarding vehicle control at higher speeds for some indirect vision, by-wire tactical vehicles. By-wire vehicles are those in which mechanical links between the driver and control devices are replaced by electronic or computerized signals. Specifically, an operator's ability to maintain reliable control of by-wire military vehicles while driving appears to be progressively compromised as vehicle speed increases. Several factors have been identified as possible sources of this difficulty, including lags in the system control loop, characteristics of the steering interface (such as its shaping function or lack of force feedback), inadequate visual display, and physical effects of vehicle motion on the operator (McDowell et al., 2007a). This report is a review of the current state of knowledge regarding the steering shaping function, which specifies the dynamic spatial relationship between steering input from the driver and vehicle heading direction. The overall goal of the review is to identify design parameters critical to improving current by-wire implementation in military tactical vehicles, thereby identifying design elements to optimize human-vehicle system performance for secure mobile operations. Through a review of general automotive literature related to variable gear ratio steering systems as well as steer-by-wire design and implementation, three main factors affecting steering control were identified. The primary factors of influence that were reviewed included the overall range of motion ( throw ) of the steering device, the steering shaping function, and modifications of the shaping function because of vehicle motion characteristics.
Descriptors : *STEERING , *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , *VEHICLES , *FLY BY WIRE CONTROL , VELOCITY , INPUT , FUNCTIONS , INTERFACES , MILITARY VEHICLES , SHAPE , DISPLAY SYSTEMS , VISION , COMPUTER APPLICATIONS , EVOLUTION(GENERAL) , OPERATION , COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS , MOBILE , SIGNALS , FEEDBACK , RELIABILITY , VISUAL AIDS , MECHANICAL COMPONENTS , FORCE(MECHANICS) , AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS , LOOPS , LINKAGES , MOTION , SECURITY , PHYSICAL PROPERTIES , DYNAMICS , CONTROL SYSTEMS , ELECTRONICS , SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION
Subject Categories : Flight Control and Instrumentation
Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE