Accession Number : ADA476684


Title :   Evaluation of Cytokine Synthesis in Human Whole Blood by Enzyme Linked Immunoassay (ELISA), Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), and Flow Cytometry


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Gilligan, G R ; Delgado, A V ; Burleson, D ; Cassidy, R ; Dubick, M A ; Bowman, P D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a476684.pdf


Report Date : 08 May 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 30


Abstract : Whole blood stimulated for 2 hours with small amounts of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, l0-l000 pg/ml) was used for evaluating methods for detecting cytokine expression in leukocytes. The anticoagulants heparin, citrate, and EDTAwere examined for their influence on synthesis oftumornecrosis factor 0 (%%F-a), interleukin-l% and -l%%(IL-la and IL-l%), and interleukin-8 (IL-%). Cytokine secretion into blood was followed by enzyme liiiked immunoassay (ELISA) and rnRNA synthesis was determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Leukocytes responsible for synthesis of cytokines were identified by imniunolabeling of cell surface markers and intracellular cytokines followed by detection by flow cytometry. Translation of mRNA and secretion of cytokines into the plasma were affected by the method of anticoagulation. Use of heparin resulted in higher levels of cytokines than citrate or EDTA, Heparin interfered with RT-PCR detection of mRNA if it was not removed.


Descriptors :   *IMMUNOASSAY , *LEUKOCYTES , *BLOOD COUNTS , DETECTION , HUMANS , SYNTHESIS , SECRETION , HEPARIN , CYTOKINES , ANTICOAGULANTS , ENZYMES , SURFACES , MARKERS , LINKAGES , CELLS(BIOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE