Accession Number : ADA476195


Title :   Effects of Directed Energy Weapons


Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY


Personal Author(s) : Nielsen, Philip E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a476195.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1994


Pagination or Media Count : 369


Abstract : This book deals with the effects of directed energy weapons, treating such diverse types of weaponry as lasers, particle beams, microwaves, and even bullets. In order to understand these weapons and their effects, it is necessary first to develop a common framework for their analysis. It is a thesis of this book that all weapons may be understood as devices which deposit energy in targets, and that the energy which must be deposited to achieve a given level of damage is relatively insensitive to the type of weapon employed. Nuclear weapons may be characterized in terms of megatons, bullets in terms of muzzle velocity, and particle beams in terms of amperes of current, but when this jargon is reduced to common units for energy absorbed by a target, similar levels of damage are achieved at similar levels of energy deposited. Of course, energy cannot be deposited in a target unless it's first delivered there. Therefore, an important element in understanding weapons is a knowledge of how they deliver (or propagate ) their energy. Some loss of energy is invariably associated with this propagation, whether it's the atmospheric drag on a bullet or the absorption of microwaves by raindrops. A weapon must therefore produce more energy than needed to damage a target, since some of its energy will be lost in propagation. As a result, weapon design depends upon two factors. First, the anticipated target, which determines the energy required for damage. And second, the anticipated scenario (range, engagement time, etc.) which determines how much energy must be produced to insure that an adequate amount is delivered in the time available. This chapter is devoted to developing this theme, introducing concepts and tools which will be used throughout the remainder of the book.


Descriptors :   *MICROWAVES , *LASERS , *KINETIC ENERGY PROJECTILES , *PARTICLE BEAMS , *DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS , ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS , PROPAGATION , SCATTERING , IMPACT , CHARGED PARTICLES , DIFFRACTION , MELTING , ADAPTIVE OPTICS , VAPORIZATION , NEAR FIELD , THERMAL BLOOMING , REFRACTION , ABSORPTION , GRAVITY , AERODYNAMIC DRAG , INTERFERENCE , NEUTRAL PARTICLE BEAMS , ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION , WAVE PROPAGATION , FAR FIELD , DAMAGE , HYPERVELOCITY IMPACT , PLASMAS(PHYSICS) , REFRACTIVE INDEX


Subject Categories : Directed Energy Weapons
      Lasers and Masers
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE