Accession Number : ADA475460


Title :   Economic Development in Afghanistan during the Soviet Period, 1979-1989: Lessons Learned from the Soviet Experience in Afghanistan


Descriptive Note : Technical memorandum


Corporate Author : DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CANADA OTTAWA (ONTARIO) CENTRE FOR OPERATIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS


Personal Author(s) : Minkov, Anton ; Smolynec, Gregory


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a475460.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 43


Abstract : This Technical Memorandum provides an overview of the major economic policies implemented in Afghanistan during the Soviet period, 1979-1989, and their results. Its objective is to inform the current NATO-ISAF engagement in Afghanistan about the importance of building the economic capacity of the state and the integration of the agricultural sector into the national economy. The research was done using both Russian- and English-language sources. The study shows that the main reasons behind the fall of the pro-Moscow regime in Kabul were not defeat on the battlefield nor military superiority of the resistance, but the regime's failure to achieve economic sustainability and its over-reliance on foreign aid.


Descriptors :   *USSR , *LESSONS LEARNED , *FAILURE , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *AFGHANISTAN , *ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , *FOREIGN AID , STABILIZATION , LABOR , MILITARY BUDGETS , NATURAL GAS , AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT , OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR , COUNTERINSURGENCY , INCOME , COMMUNISM , AGRICULTURE , INTERNATIONAL TRADE , POLICIES , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , CANADA


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE