Accession Number : ADA475300


Title :   Biotechnology Industry, 2006


Corporate Author : INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a475300.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 31


Abstract : The United States leads the world in biotechnology, centered on genetic engineering at the cellular or molecular level, a process which applies across a range of products in diverse industries, just as computer engineering does. The biotech industry is becoming a major player in many sectors, including medicine, agriculture, energy, defense, the environment, and nanotechnology. Genetically modified (GM) foods are feeding millions. GM bacteria and plants are cleaning up pollution quietly and cheaply. The nation depends on biotechnology for defense against terrorist attacks and pandemic influenzas. Stem cells promise the miracle of tissue regeneration. As an industry, though, biotechnology is still emerging, driven by the promise of research which for many companies has yet to yield products or profits. The industry relies on government to a surprising degree for support of basic science and for regulations that can either free up or stifle growth: property rights (patents), clinical trials, litigation relief, and ethical guidelines. Only an informed public will allow biotechnology to flourish, because it leans so strongly on legislation, because it is pushing into ethical dilemmas no one has faced before, and because it can either develop or defend against biological weapons and environmental risks. However, the shortage of U.S. scientists and engineers with advanced degrees in biotechnology means the industry depends on foreign researchers, which could easily threaten future preeminence. Establishing a National Biotechnology Council would facilitate federal collaboration. Biotechnology has already had an impact on our lives on an unprecedented scale, and there is every indication the future holds much more.


Descriptors :   *INDUSTRIES , *BIOTECHNOLOGY , UNITED STATES , MOLECULAR STATES , BACTERIA , MEDICINE , BIOLOGICAL WARFARE , ETHICS , CELLS(BIOLOGY) , STEM CELLS , NANOTECHNOLOGY , REGENERATION(PHYSIOLOGY) , PATENTS , TERRORISM , PROFITS , LEGISLATION , AGRICULTURE , FOOD , CLINICAL TRIALS , GENETIC ENGINEERING , CHEMICAL ORDNANCE , YIELD , ENGINEERING , ATTACK , COMPUTERS , TISSUES(BIOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Biology
      Biomedical Instrumentation and Bioengineering
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System
      Bionics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE