Accession Number : ADA475264
Title : Boussinesq Modeling of Wave Propagation and Runup over Fringing Coral Reefs, Model Evaluation Report
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB
Personal Author(s) : Demirbilek, Zeki ; Nwogu, Okey G
Report Date : Dec 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 113
Abstract : This report describes evaluation of a two-dimensional Boussinesq-type wave model, BOUSS-2D, with data obtained from two laboratory experiments and two field studies at the islands of Guam and Hawaii, for waves propagating over fringing reefs. The model evaluation had two goals: (a) investigate differences between laboratory and field characteristics of wave transformation processes over reefs, and (b) assess overall predictive capabilities of the model for reef systems with steep slopes and extended widths in shallower water. The focus in this evaluation study was on wave breaking, bottom friction parameterization, and wave setup and runup capabilities of Boussinesq wave model. In this report, the testing procedure and performance of the Boussinesq wave model are discussed. Because details of the laboratory and field studies were unavailable at the time of writing, and these are expected to be documented in other reports, only some general features of data pertinent to the numerical modeling study are presented. The time series of laboratory and field data were used in the numerical model validation study. These were converted to wave energy spectral densities, significant wave height, peak wave period, and mean water level setup for comparison to model predictions. Findings from comparisons of measurements and model calculations are presented in figures and tables, and these are supplemented as necessary with discussion of the model's capability in describing different wave processes over coral reefs. Overall, the model performed reasonably well for laboratory data with errors of less than 10 percent for the maximum runup height. For the field data, it was determined that wave energy dissipation over extremely rough coral reef surfaces could not be simply described by a quadratic bottom friction law.
Descriptors : *WAVE PROPAGATION , *CORAL REEFS , TEST AND EVALUATION , LABORATORY TESTS , COASTAL REGIONS , OSCILLATION , INLETS(WATERWAYS) , LOW FREQUENCY , MODELS , DISSIPATION , TURBULENCE
Subject Categories : Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE