Accession Number : ADA474675


Title :   Integrin-Mediated Signaling in Prostate Cancer: Role of KAI1/CD82 in Regulating Integrin and Androgen Receptor Function During Metastasis


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 31 Mar 2004-31 Aug 2007


Corporate Author : VAN ANDEL RESEARCH INSTITUTE GRAND RAPIDS MI


Personal Author(s) : Miranti, Cynthia K


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a474675.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 64


Abstract : How prostate tumors become metastatic is virtually unknown. A prostate metastasis suppressor gene, KAI1/CD82, known to associate with laminin receptors, allowed us to test the hypothesis that loss of KAI1/CD82 expression alters the function of laminin integrins in prostate cancer cells, resulting in altered intracellular signaling and increased invasion leading to metastasis. We have demonstrated that in metastatic tumor cells, where elevated c-Met expression and activation by integrins is responsible for enhancing laminin-dependent migration and invasion, re-expression of CD82 suppresses, while loss of CD82 enhances c-Met activation. Orthotopic injection of CD82-expressing metastatic cells into mouse prostates suppresses both metastasis and growth in vivo. CD82 appears to regulate c-Met activation by altering the distribution of c-Met on the cell surface, possibly through CD82 association with another tetraspanin, CD9, and their joint association with PI integrin. Our studies have advanced the knowledge of how members of the tetraspanin family function and are potentially applicable to all metastatic disease, since KAI1/CD82 loss has been reported in many types of cancers. Our results suggest that targeting c-Met would be a logical approach to therapeutic intervention of metastatic disease. Our findings further suggest that together CD82 expression and c-Met activation could be used as a potential biomarker pair for the prediction of metastatic disease. In addition we have shown that the PI-3K/Akt pathway is critical for laminin-specific survival in metastatic prostate cells, but activation of the androgen receptor (AR) by-passes the need for PI-3K signaling when cells are adherent to laminin. Since over 90% of metastatic prostate cancers still express AR, targeting the PI-3K pathway alone would not be sufficient to kill tumors in a laminin-rich environment.


Descriptors :   *ANDROGENS , *METASTASIS , *PROSTATE CANCER , ACTIVATION , PREDICTIONS , THERAPY , TARGETING , GENES , HYPOTHESES , INTEGRINS , MICE , IN VIVO ANALYSIS , CELLS(BIOLOGY) , INTERVENTION , CULTURES(BIOLOGY) , SUPPRESSORS , PROSTATE GLAND


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE