Accession Number : ADA474626


Title :   Direct Broad-Range Detection of Alphaviruses in Mosquito Extracts


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : IBIS BIOSCIENCES INC CARLSBAD CA


Personal Author(s) : Eshoo, Mark W ; Whitehouse, Chris A ; Zoll, Scott T ; Massire, Christian ; Pennella, Thuy-Trang D ; Blyn, Lawrence B ; Weaver, Scott C ; Ludwig, George V ; Hofstadler, Steven A ; Ecker, David J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a474626.pdf


Report Date : 25 Nov 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : Members of the genus Alphavirus are a diverse group of principally mosquito-borne RNA viruses. There are at least 29 species and many more subtypes of alphaviruses and some are considered potential bioweapons. We have developed a multi-locus RT-PCR followed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (RT-PCR/ESI-MS) assay that uses the amplicon base compositions to detect and identify alphaviruses. A small set of primer pairs targeting conserved sites in the alphavirus RNA genome were used to amplify a panel of 36 virus isolates representing characterized Old World and New World alphaviruses. Base compositions from the resulting amplicons could be used to unambiguously determine the species or subtype of 35 of the 36 isolates. The assay detected, without culture, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), and mixtures of both in pools consisting of laboratory-infected and -uninfected mosquitoes. Further, the assay was used to detect alphaviruses in naturally occurring mosquito vectors collected from locations in South America and Asia. Mosquito pools collected near Iquitos, Peru, were found to contain an alphavirus with a very distinct signature. Subsequent sequence analysis confirmed that the virus was a member of the Mucambo virus species (subtype IIID in the VEEV complex). The assay we have developed provides a rapid, accurate, and high-throughput assay for surveillance of alphaviruses.


Descriptors :   *DETECTION , *ASSAYING , *CULICIDAE , *VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS , *EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS , REPRINTS , MASS SPECTROMETRY , DISEASE VECTORS , RIBONUCLEIC ACIDS , IDENTIFICATION


Subject Categories : Microbiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE