Accession Number : ADA473603
Title : Terrorism in Southeast Asia
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Vaughn, Bruce ; Chanlett-Avery, Emma ; Manyin, Mark E ; Niksch, Larry A
Report Date : 11 Sep 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 37
Abstract : Since September 2001, the United States has increased focus on radical Islamist and terrorist groups in Southeast Asia, particularly those in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore. Southeast Asia is a base for past, current, and possibly future terrorist operations. Al Qaeda penetrated the region by establishing local cells, training Southeast Asians in its camps in Afghanistan, and by financing and cooperating with indigenous radical Islamist groups. Indonesia and the southern Philippines have been particularly vulnerable to penetration by anti-American Islamic terrorist groups. Members of one indigenous network, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), which has had extensive ties to Al Qaeda, are known to have helped two of the September 11, 2001 hijackers and have confessed to plotting and carrying out attacks against Western targets. These include the deadliest terrorist attack since September 2001: the October 12, 2002 bombing in Bali, Indonesia, that killed approximately 200 people, mostly Westerners. Since the Bali bombing in 2002, which JI is suspected of carrying out, crackdowns by various governments in the region encouraged and in some cases supported by the U.S. government and military - are believed to have severely weakened the organization, particularly in its ability and willingness to carry out attacks against Western targets. JI and its cells, however, have not been eradicated and continue to operate.
Descriptors : *TERRORISM , *SOUTHEAST ASIA , TRAINING , AFGHANISTAN , PLOTTING
Subject Categories : Unconventional Warfare
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE