Accession Number : ADA473291


Title :   A Case Study in Transnational Crime: Ukraine and Modern Slavery


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Nicholas, Matthew L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a473291.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 81


Abstract : This thesis explores the roots of modern slavery (human trafficking) in the post-Soviet era, with a particular focus on human trafficking in the Ukraine. The Ukraine is scrutinized in an attempt to answer the following question: How did the export and enslavement of hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians come about? The study involves an analysis of governance, social conditions, and economic conditions in the Ukraine, and an evaluation of why the Ukraine has been unable to manipulate political, legal, social, and economic variables to end the export of its people. Two primary explanations for the trafficking are rapidly expanding criminal enterprises and the lack of governmental capacity to counter them. The problem of human trafficking is aggravated by a need to migrate among potential victims that is due to a lack of legitimate means to find work abroad or a lack of meaningful work opportunities at home. The author investigates the prolific demand for Ukrainian slaves in many countries, and searches for answers to the problem that could originate inside of the Ukraine itself. Some policy options to help solve the problem include increased legal migration opportunities, economic development, education programs, increased assistance from nongovernmental organizations, universal victim assistance hotlines staffed by professionals, and a fund to reimburse victims.


Descriptors :   *POLICIES , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *HUMANS , *CRIMES , *UKRAINE , *DEMAND(ECONOMICS) , *SMUGGLING , EXPORTS , EDUCATION , THESES , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , UNEMPLOYMENT , CRIMINOLOGY , CASE STUDIES , MIGRATION , LEGISLATION , LAW ENFORCEMENT , COUNTERMEASURES


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE