Accession Number : ADA472064


Title :   A Unified Sediment Transport Formulation for Coastal Inlet Application


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : CEMAGREF LYON (FRANCE)


Personal Author(s) : Camenen, Benoit ; Larson, Magnus


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a472064.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 248


Abstract : The Coastal Inlets Research Program (CIRP) is developing predictive numerical models for simulating the waves, currents, sediment transport, and morphology change at and around coastal inlets. Water motion at a coastal inlet is a combination of quasi-steady currents such as river flow, tidal current, wind-generated current, and seiching, and of oscillatory flows generated by surface waves. Waves can also create quasi-steady currents, and the waves can be breaking or non-breaking, greatly changing potential for sediment transport. These flows act in arbitrary combinations with different magnitudes and directions to mobilize and transport sediment. Reliable prediction of morphology change requires accurate predictive formulas for sediment transport rates that smoothly match in the various regimes of water motion. This report describes results of a research effort conducted to develop unified sediment transport rate predictive formulas for application in the coastal inlet environment. The formulas were calibrated with a wide range of available measurements compiled from the laboratory and field and then implemented in the CIRP's Coastal Modeling System. Emphasis of the study was on reliable predictions over a wide range of input conditions. All relevant physical processes were incorporated to obtain greatest generality, including: (1) bed load and suspended load, (2) waves and currents, (3) breaking and non-breaking waves, (4) bottom slope, (5) initiation of motion, (6) asymmetric wave velocity, and (7) arbitrary angle between waves and current. A large database on sediment transport measurements made in the laboratory and the field was compiled to test different aspects of the formulation over the widest possible range of conditions. Other phenomena or mechanisms may also be of importance, such as the phase lag between water and sediment motion or the influence of bed forms. Modifications to the general formulation are derived to take these phenomena into account. The


Descriptors :   *COASTAL REGIONS , *FORMULATIONS , *SEDIMENT TRANSPORT , *INLETS(WATERWAYS) , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , INLETS , OCEAN WAVES , OCEAN CURRENTS , PREDICTIONS


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE