Accession Number : ADA470502


Title :   Global Surveillance of Emerging Influenza Virus Genotypes by Mass Spectrometry


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH INST OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES FORT DETRICK MD


Personal Author(s) : Sampath, Rangarajan ; Russell, Kevin L ; Massire, Christian ; Eshoo, Mark W ; Harpin, Vanessa ; Blyn, Lawrence B ; Melton, Rachael ; Ivy, Cristin ; Pennella, Thuy ; Li, Feng


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a470502.pdf


Report Date : 30 May 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : Effective influenza surveillance requires new methods capable of rapid and inexpensive genomic analysis of evolving viral species for pandemic preparedness, to understand the evolution of circulating viral species, and for vaccine strain selection. We have developed one such approach based on previously described broad-range reverse transcription PCR/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (RT -PCR/ESI-MS) technology. Methods and Principal Findings: Analysis of base compositions ofRT-PCR amplicons from influenza core gene segments (PB 1, PB2, P A, M, NS, NP) are used to provide sub-species identification and infer influenza virus Hand N subtypes. Using this approach, we detected and correctly identified 92 mammalian and avian influenza isolates, representing 30 different Hand N types, including 29 avian H5Nl isolates.Further, direct analysis of 656 human clinical respiratory specimens collected over a seven-year period (1999-2006) showed correct identification of the viral species andsubtypes (97% sensitivity and specificity). Base composition derived clusters inferred from this analysis showed 100% concordance to previously established clades. Ongoing surveillance of samples from the recent influenza virus seasons (2005-2006) showedevidence for emergence and establishment of new genotypes of circulating H3N2 strains worldwide. Mixed viral quasispecies were found in approximately 1% of these recentsamples providing a view into viral evolution. Conclusion/Significance: Thus, rapid R T PCR/ESI-MS analysis can be used to simultaneously identify all species of influenza viruses with clade-level resolution, identifY mixed viral populations and monitor global spread and emergence of novel viral genotypes. This high throughput method promises to become an integral component of influenza surveillance.


Descriptors :   *INFLUENZA VIRUS , *MASS SPECTROMETRY , *GENOME , GLOBAL , POPULATION , SAMPLING , VACCINIA VIRUS , IONIZATION , GENES , VIRUSES , INFLUENZA


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE