Accession Number : ADA468085
Title : Nigeria: Current Issues
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Ploch, Lauren
Report Date : 12 Apr 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 24
Abstract : Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa with an estimated 132 million people, has faced intermittent political turmoil and economic crisis since gaining independence in October 1960. Nigerian political life has been scarred by conflict along both ethnic and geographic lines and misrule has undermined the authority and legitimacy of the state apparatus, but many Nigerians feel a significant degree of national pride and belief in Nigeria as a state. After 16 years of military rule, Nigeria made a transition to civilian governance in 1999, when Olusegun Obasanjo, a former general, was elected president. In May 2007, after two terms in office, Obasanjo is scheduled to transfer power to a new administration. Nigeria has made progress in strengthening its fragile democracy but faces serious social and economic challenges. Although Nigeria's oil and natural gas revenues are estimated at over $40 billion per year, its human development indicators are among the world's lowest, and a majority of the population suffer from extreme poverty. Nigeria remains relatively stable, although ethnic and religious clashes in parts of the country are common. Thousands have been killed and many more wounded in religious clashes. Under President Obasanjo, Nigeria has emerged as a major player in Africa. The government has helped to resolve political disputes in Togo, Mauritania, Liberia, and Cote d'Ivoire. Nigeria also has played an important role in facilitating negotiations between the government of Sudan and the Darfur rebels. Nigerian troops have played a vital role in peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone and Liberia, and are currently in Cote d'Ivoire, Congo, Liberia, and Sudan. Nigeria is one of the United States' key strategic partners in Africa. and is America's fifth largest oil provider. Nigeria's next general elections are scheduled for April 14 and 21, 2007. Credible and peaceful elections are critical to the future of both the country and the region.
Descriptors : *ECONOMICS , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *GEOPOLITICS , *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *NIGERIA , *CIVIL DISTURBANCES , *ELECTIONS , FOREIGN POLICY , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , DEMOCRACY , NATURAL GAS , PEACEKEEPING , SUDAN , MAURITANIA , LIBERIA , FOREIGN AID , POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS , CRIMES , ZAIRE , PETROLEUM INDUSTRY , INFLUENZA , RELIGION , ETHNIC GROUPS , CONFLICT , HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES , INSTABILITY
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Government and Political Science
Sociology and Law
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE