Accession Number : ADA467835
Title : Evaluation of Soil Loss and Erosion Control Measures on Ranges and Range Structures at Installations in Temperate Climates
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB
Personal Author(s) : Svendsen, Niels G ; Kalita, Prasanta K ; Gebhart, Dick L
Report Date : Jun 2006
Pagination or Media Count : 76
Abstract : The Department of Defense operates the largest and most diverse training enterprise in the world. The Army has under its authority 1.3 million uniformed and civilian personnel at over 4100 locations using over 61 million square kilometers of land. Providing realistic and effective training is a key element in fulfilling the military mission. The sustainable use of military training lands presents a challenge to maintaining combat preparedness. Range managers need cost-effective long-term solutions that alleviate maintenance requirements and increase training intervals. Guidelines on the design of small arms ranges to prevent erosion have been developed. However, these guidelines do not incorporate sustainable range elements into the overall design, and without proper soil and water conservation, large ranges have the potential to contribute greatly to overall installation erosion. This research evaluates design weaknesses and develops an improved design methodology for embankments, firing points, and targeting impact positions on training ranges. Additionally recommendations are outlined that propose specific guidelines for range structures: defilades, stationary armor targets and moving armor targets that reduce soil loss and improve training realism.
Descriptors : *ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT , *SOIL EROSION , *RANGES(FACILITIES) , TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER , LAND USE , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Subject Categories : Agricultural Engineering
Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE